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当前位置:焚题库>三级翻译资格笔译>三级翻译英语笔译综合能力>2018年翻译资格考试《三级笔译综合能力》真题及答案(上半年)
三级翻译英语笔译综合能力
2018年翻译资格考试《三级笔译综合能力》真题及答案(上半年)
  • 考试币:0个
  • 年份:2018年
  • 类型:历年真题
  • 总分:100分
  • 总题数:110题
  • 作答:120分钟
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题型介绍
Section 1(Part 1 Vocabulary Selection)(In this part, there are 20 incomplete sentences.Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B, C and D respectively.Choose the word which best completes each sentence.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET)

1.Many auto accidents were_______to careless driving.

A.attributed

B.attested

C.attached

D.attuned

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.The novelist has said that fictional surprises would allow us to_______reality

A.apply

B.approve

C.apprehend

D.appreciate

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Section 1(Part 2 Vocabulary Replacement)(This part consists of 20 sentences.In each of them one word is underlined,and below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B,C and D respectively.Choose the word that can replace the underlined part without causing any grammatical error or changing the basic meaning of the sentence.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.)

1.Dealing with environmental pollution has proved to be intractable for more and more countries around the world.

A.ostensible

B.undoubted

C.difficult

D.lethal

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2.In your first days at the school, you will be given a test to help the teachers to allocate you to a class appropriate to you.

A.allow

B.assign

C.locate

D.deliver

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Section 1(Part 3 Error Correction)(This part consists of 20 sentences.In each of them there is an underlined part that indicates a grammatical error,and below each,there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B,C and D respectively.Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part so that the error is corrected.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.)

1.Looking at superficially, people appear to function well enough in economic and social activities; yet it would be dangerous to overlook the deep-seated unhappiness behind that comforting disguise.

A.To be looking

B.Look

C.Having looked

D.Looked

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.The difference is often not even mentioned in textbooks, for the result is that the learner may be ignorant about it.

A.for the result that

B.with the result that

C.as the result that

D.in the result that

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Section 2 Reading Comprehension(In this section you will find after each of the passages a number of questions or unfinished statements about the passage, each with 4 (A, B, C and D) choices to answer the question or complete the statement You must choose the one which you think fits best Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.)

1.Those who fight against alcohol sales say the extra tax comes at a cost.Lee Miller, a leader of Angelina Citizens for a Better Community,the group vowing to defeat the measure, points to data from the State of Texas showing that for every US$1 in revenue the state received from alcohol,US$9 is paid out for expenses like treatment for alcohol abuse, law enforcement services and motor vehicle crashes."This will not benefit us as a community," Mr.Miller said."It costs us more money in expenses and in the lives of our children." Mr.Miller, who does not drink, says he is concerned that if the vote passes, his 12-year-old daughter and 14-year-old son will have easier access to alcohol. David Hatch, the political strategist of Angelina County Citizens for Responsible Business (ACCRB), argues that Mr.Miller's cost revenue figures paint an inaccurate picture because they do not consider the additional sales taxes from alcohol purchases, only revenue from alcohol excise taxes, the bulk of which flow to the state. Oscar Dillahunty,a 69-year-old,one-time beer distributor who hired Mr.Hatch and started ACCRB, has estimated that the county could rack up at least US$15 million in annual beer sales alone, which would translate into US$225,000 in sales tax revenue for Lufkin and US$75,000 for the county.He says his estimate is based on sales in a similar county in Mississippi, where he previously owned a beer distributor. Many officials in towns and counties that recently went wet say they have not seen an increase in reported crime or drunken driving.Steven Cagle, the city manager in Duncanville, said the town had not devolved into "Drunkenville," as church groups claimed it would. Three police chiefs ——David Walker of Fort Payne, Tex., Benny Womack of Albertville, Ala., and Eddie Phillips of East Ridge, Tenn.— all say they have not seen any increase in law enforcement problems since alcohol sales began in 2004. But just as the feared public mayhem wrought by alcohol abuse often fails to materialize, the economic prosperity is often absent, too.In Albertville, Ala., the Rev.Willis Kelly, who preaches at Douglas First Baptist Church, says he is still waiting for the town5s financial boom."The folks that wanted it to go wet campaigned on the idea that it would bring in money to build a new school," Mr.Kelly said "Last year, they collected only a little over US$100,000 in extra taxes.That wouldn't even buy toilet paper." Mr.Kelly says that since the vote in June, no new restaurants have opened in Albertville, a town of 18,000 people 65 miles from Birmingham, and only one of the two grocery stores in town opted to sell beer and wine. Jon Howard, director of finance for Albertville,would not confirm Mr.Kelly's tax numbers, and Mayor Carl Pruett declined to comment on the town's economy. In Lufkin, where in recent years the economy has been surging without the help of alcohol sales, some citizens just want their town to be a bit more like the rest of the country and a little less Bible Belt."This is the 21st century," said Ernest Rowe,a 70-year-old retired forest worker.6tI just want to be able to buy my case of Coors Light, come home and pop open a cold one."

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.Artificial flowers are used for scientific as well as for decorative purpose.They are made from a variety of materials, such as silk and glass, so skillfully that they can scarcely be distinguished from natural flowers.In making such models, painstaking skill and artistry are called for, as well as thorough knowledge of plant structure. The collection of glass flowers in the Botanical Museum of Harvard University is the most famous in North America and is widely known throughout the scientific world.The life-size models include 847 species, with remarkably accurate anatomical sections and enlarged flower parts.They are made entirely of glass, often reinforced internally with a wire support. The models in colored glass are the work of two artist-naturalists, Leopold Blaschka and his son Rudolph who made them from 1887 through 1936.Their lineage of jewelers and glassmakers traces as far back as the 15th century.The parts were shaped after the glass was softened by heat.Some models were blown.Colored glass was used for many, others were "cold-painted" with a thin wash of colored ground glass or metal oxides and heated until the material fused to the model. Since the glass flowers are always in bloom, tropical and temperate species may be studied year-round.The gallery is open during regular museum hours and is included in the general admission fee. The museum recently installed several Blaschka glass models from the ware collection which have not been seen at Harvard for decades.You can even see amazingly realistic models of apple and apricot plants illustrating some of the diseases affecting fruits of the Rosaceae family.Other newly installed models illustrate insect pollination, displaying bees enlarged to five inches in size to show pollination techniques. The intention of the collection was to have it represent at least one member of each flower family native to the United States.Harvard Professor George Lincoln Goodale, founder of the Botanical Museum, wanted life-like representatives of the plant kingdom for teaching botany.At the time only crude or wax models were available.Mrs.Elizabeth C.Ware and her daughter Mary Lee Ware financed the collection and presented it. Though it was never completed, it contains species representing 164 families of flowering plants, a group of fruits showing the effect of fungus diseases, and thousands of flower parts and magnified details.Every detail of these is accurately reproduced in color and structure.The models are kept in locked cases as they are too valuable and fragile for classroom use.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Section 3 Cloze Test(In the following passage, there are 20 blanks representing words that are missing from the context.Below the passage,each blank has 4 choices marked by letters A, B, C and D respectively.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.)

1.Starting a conversation is as easy for some people as eating and breathing.However, if you suffer from social anxiety disorder (SAD), a room full of strangers can be as frightening as moving to a foreign country.If the stranger that you are looking to start a conversation with is an authority figure, this just adds to your anxiety.Here are helpful tips when trying to start a conversation. Often the person you are trying to start a conversation_______(91) will have some item of jewelry, an unusual shirt or maybe even a tattoo; something distinctive that tells a story about the_______(92).Items like this give you a starting_______(93) for conversation. After you receive a_______(94), the key is to have something else to say that will give you a_______(95) platform on which to build a conversation and a relationship.You need to think of a follow-up_______(96) before you start.This is the key to building a conversation.Follow up with something personal that_______(97) to the other person and that tells them something interesting about you. Try the old standby, "Haven't I seen you somewhere before?"_______(98) the right circumstances, this conversation starter can work.If you_______(99) to someone, "You seem really familiar.Do I know you from somewhere?",it makes it very easy to start a conversation. All these help_______(100) you to the person and keep the conversation moving: What high school did you_______(101)? Did you play an instrument? Where do you work? I've been to that Starbucks. As you go through the details of the other person's life story, you should feel_______(102) to change subject.Remember, you don’t really want to find out if you’ve met before; you want to get to_______(103) each other. One of the best ways to start a conversation is to make a funny_______(104) about your surroundings."Hey, doesn't our instructor look like Harry Potter?" or,"Is the guy in the front row asleep?" The goal is not to be mean-spirited or judgmental, so be sure to_______(105) your comments light-hearted. Try to invite the other person in on the joke.”Where do you think he keeps his magic wand, in his briefcase?" or "Do you think he's going to sleep through the whole class?" This _______(106) of starting a conversation can be risky.Humor is difficult with an audience whom you don9t know well.However, if you find_______(107) that shares your sense of humor, chances are that it will be the start of a great friendship. Remember that any of these tricks is_______(108) to fail some of the time.If you don't get a positive response from somebody, there are always other people that you can approach.If you are_______(109),you will find that over time it will get easier to speak with strangers.As you become more_______(110) and at ease you won't need to rely on tricks to start conversations.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
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