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英语
2019年成人高考专升本《英语》真题及答案
  • 年份:2019年
  • 类型:历年真题
  • 总分:150分
  • 总题数:61题
  • 作答:150分钟
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题型介绍
I. Phonetics ( 5 points )(Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.选出下列选项中a划线部分读音不同的选项。

A.land

B.lamb

C.father

D.ladder

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.选出下列选项中ch划线部分读音不同的选项。

A.challenge

B.cheap

C.choose

D.character

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)(Directions : There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.There()no one to help me at this moment,I need to handle the work all by myself.

A.be

B.being

C.to be

D.been

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.Mary took a part-time job last summer,but her parents were unhappy about()she did.

A.these

B.which

C.that

D.what

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)(Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.In our online life,we need to use passwords frequently.We use passwords 21 e-mail,gaming sites,social networking sites,and other shopping sites. 22 ,the passwords most people use are not very 23 and can easily be“broken”by others.In fact,the most commonly used passwords are so simple that it requires very 24 effort to figure them out.Can you guess 25 the most commonly used passwords are?They are:Names of baseball teams,birth dates of a family 26 ,the year of a special sports event,the random numbers like 156468, 27 the name of a friend,pet,favorite TV star,or band. There are programs 28 to break into people’s online accounts.These programs are 29 of trying every word in the English dictionary and the dictionaries 30 many foreign languages,in their effort to break into an account. 31 can even search words backward.Some will try 32 words or words that are followed by numbers, 33 school222.These programs can test millions of passwords in a few minutes.So,you are advised to be careful about 34 passwords so that they will be hard to break.You are also advised not to make them 35 hard to remember. Meanwhile, you need to change them once in a while.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points )(Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.Sound sleep occurs when one’s internal clock is regulated.Circadian rhythms(生理节奏)can become compromised quite easily.Many people with sleep troubles tend to vary bedtimes.To avoid this common problem,sleep sufferers should go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.to help improve circadian rhythms,sufferers should enjoy 15 minutes of sun exposure the first thing in the morning. A bedtime routine can help prevent insomnia(失眠).One hour before bedtime,one should lower the lights and relax.Reading a book or listening to calm music can help prepare the body for a good night’s sleep.Taking a warm,candlelit bath or drinking a cup of warm milk can also help you prepare for deep sleep at night. Stress can have a bad effect on the body and the ability to sleep. A daily exercise routine can help lower the body’s stress naturally.One can also manage stress by writing diaries.Writing diaries can help people express their anxieties,plan for the future and improve sleep. Other ways to lower stress include deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation. The light sending out from computers,cellphones,tablets and televisions can cause sleep problems.Therefore,these items should be turned off at least an hour before bedtime.Additionally lowering the backlight on these electronic devices earlier in the evening can help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer once bedtime arrives. A perfect bedroom invites sweet sleep.Most people sleep better in a cool,dark,and quiet room.Lower the temperature in the room to 16~20 degrees for a peaceful night’s sleep.A dark room can be accomplished by installing light blocking curtains or wearing a sleep mask.Noise can be reduced with either earplugs or a white noise machine.Finally,a comfortable mattress(床垫)and pillows are essential to a good night’s sleep.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2. Tom was aged four but he was talking like a two-year-old baby.He was saying such things as “kick ball” and“want car”,and using lots of one-word sentences.He should have been saying some really long sentences and telling stories with them.He wasn’t.Something had gone terribly wrong. Quite a few children have what is called a“language delay”.For some reason they don’t learn to speak as quickly as they should.Their friends shoot ahead and they’re left behind.As a result,they get very lonely.Nobody wants to talk to you if you can’t talk back. Can anything be done to help these children?Yes.They can go to see a speech therapist—a person who’s specially trained to work out what’s wrong and who knows how to teach language to children.This is what happened to Tom.The speech therapist played some games with him and heard how he talked.She made a recording of his speech,and chatted to his mom and dad about his background.They’d taken Tom to see a doctor,but the doctor hadn’t found anything wrong with him. He seemed perfectly normal in every way—except he just wasn’t talking. After Tom and his parents had gone home,the therapist listened carefully to the recording she’d made.Then she looked at a chart which showed how language developed in children aged two,three and four.She could see Tom was a long way behind. The next step,she decided,was to teach Tom how to say some new sentences like“kick a red ball,” and“the clown is kicking a ball.”Tom didn’t get the new sentences right straight away.But the therapist was very patient,and after a few more visits he started to make some progress.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
V. Daily Conversation ( 15 points )(Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialoaue by blackenina the corresuondina letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.Receptionist:Good morning! Mr.Smith:Good morning!Today we are free for sightseeing. 56 Receptionist:Okay.Have you ever been here before? Mr.Smith:No. 57 Receptionist:Then,I suggest that you visit the Ancient Cultural Street. Mr.Smith: 58 Receptionist:Yes.The architecture is wonderful.It represents the folk style of the Qing Dynasty. Mr.Smith: 59 Thank you very much. Receptionist: 60 Have a good time!

A.Sounds great!

B.This is our first trip here.

C.When shall we set off?

D.Could you recommend some places for us?

E.You are welcome.

F.What could I get?

G.Have great fun.

H.Is there anything interesting there?

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
VI. Writing ( 25 points)(Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 - 120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.)

1.新学期伊始,你们班准备组织一场迎新晚会,让同学们熟悉起来。你(Li Yuan)打算邀请外教(Tim)来参加迎新晚会。请给他写一封e-mail,内容包括: (1)邀请他参加迎新晚会; (2)介绍迎新晚会的一些活动安排; (3)希望他能够做个简短发言; (4)期待他的到来。

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见