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英语
2017年成人高考(专升本)《英语》真题及答案
  • 年份:2019年
  • 类型:历年真题
  • 总分:150分
  • 总题数:61题
  • 作答:150分钟
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题型介绍
I. Phonetics ( 5 points )(Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.选出下列选项中e划线部分读音不同的选项

A.penalty

B.moment

C.quarrel

D.absent

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.选出下列选项中a划线部分读音不同的选项

A.sympathy

B.Material

C.courage

D.analysis

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)(Directions : There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.Jonathan and Joe left the house to go for_________after supper.

A.walk

B.the walk

C.walks

D.a walk

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.He pointed at the new car and asked,"_________is it? Have you ever seen it before?"

A.Why

B.Where

C.Who

D.Whose

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)(Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.         What enables some people to get big creative breakthroughs while others only get small and non-creative breakdowns, blaming themselves and society? Are some people "gifted"? Are there other factors 21 work--factors that we have more control over than we think?         While nobody can deny the 22 that some people seem to be blessed with particular creativity, research shows that anyone can 23 their chances of coming up with new and original ideas 24 they would only engage themselves more in the process of 25 . It" s the old Thomas Edison thing about "discovery 26 99 percent perspiration (汗水) and 1 percent inspiration. "           27 , the studies prove this:great creative breakthroughs usually happen only 28 intense periods of struggle. It is sustained effort towards a specific goal 29 eventually prepares for great creative insights.        This kind of sustained effort does not always 30 immediate results, a fact that not only separates the innovators (革新者) from non-innovators, but 31 leads some people to conclude that it is just not 32 for them. "Maybe I should have gone to medical school like my mother wanted," they wonder when the breakthrough is 33 to be found. Alas, one forgets during inevitable encounters 34  self-doubt,that the big surprise is never 35 . Indeed,it can happen at any time and place.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points )(Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1.           Eating an apple a day does n" t keep the doctor away, but it does reduce the amount of trips you make to the drug store per year. That " s according to a new study that investigates whether there" s any truth in the old saying.         A team of researchers led by Dr Matthew Davis, of the University of Michigan School of Nursing,asked 8,399 participants to answer survey questions about diet and health. A total of 753 were apple eaters, consuming at least 149g of raw apple per day. The remaining 7,646 were classed as non-apple eaters. When both groups answered questions on trips to the doctor and trips to the drug store per year,the apple eaters were found to be 27% less likely to visit the druggist for drugs.              Trips to the doctor were not significantly affected by apple consumption, though. "Evidence does not support that an apple a day keeps the doctor away. However, the small number of US adults who eat an apple a day does appear to use fewer prescription medications," the study concludes.          Apple eaters were also found to be less likely to smoke and be more likely to have a higher educational attainment than non-apple eaters. While apples do not compete with oranges, they do contain some immune (免疫的) system-increasing vitamin C, which may be why apple-eaters visit the druggist less. With over 8mg of vitamin C per medium-sized fruit, an apple can provide roughly 14% your daily recommended intake.            Previous studies have also linked apple consumption to a lower risk of Type 2 diabetes (二型糖尿病) ,improved lung function and a lower risk of colon (结肠) cancer.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

2.         Sometimes I scratch my head when I read about the government" s efforts to improve schools:new standards and tests to be applied, strict teacher evaluations, and threats of school closures and job losses. They frighten the school employees,not to mention the students. Instead of making people unable to solve problems or try new ideas--which is what fear does to us--research on school reform strongly suggests that policy-makers should encourage school leaders to take a more humane approach. In their study on the reform efforts of twelve Chicago public schools, Bryk and Schneider found that enabling positive social relationships between the adults was the key to successful school improvement and that trust was at the heart of those relationships.          Trust in schools comes down to one thing:psychological safety or safety to speak one"s mind,to discuss with openness and honesty what is and isn" t working,to make collective decisions.         Yet this kind of safety doesn" t come easily to schools. According to Bryk and Schneider, the adults in school rely on each other to do their jobs correctly and with integrity (正直). The challenge is that our expectations are very diverse based on our unique backgrounds.           At one school where I taught, each teacher had different expectations about how much effort teachers should put into their work--a big difference between the teachers who left after the last bell and those who worked into the evening. And when expectations are unconscious or unspoken, it becomes impossible for others to live up to them.         We also make assumptions about the intentions behind a person" s behavior. As we all Imam,assumptions are often wrong. For example, parents and teachers my think the principal made a particular decision based on his career advancement rather than hat" s best for the students.If we don"t feel psychologically safe to question our assumptions and expectations , trust flies am the window and our relationships suffer.

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
V. Daily Conversation ( 15 points )(Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialoaue by blackenina the corresuondina letter on the Answer Sheet.)

1. Woman : Hello, Mr. Johnson' s office. Man : Good morning. 56 ? Woman : Sorry,he' s in a meeting at the moment. 57 ? Man:Yes. This is Steve Lee from Bright light Systems. 58 ? Woman:Tomorrow afternoon in your office. Man : 59 Woman : Okay. 60 Man : Thank you.

A.Can I speak to Mr. Johnson,please

B.I'll tell him you've called

C.I'll give him the message

D.What can I do for you

E.Can you tell him that we can meet tomorrow afternoon in my office

F.Can I take a message

G.Can you ask him to call me back as soon as possible

H.That's right

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见
VI. Writing ( 25 points)(Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 - 120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.)

1. 你(Li Yuan)组织同学进行了一次烧烤野餐(barbecue)。请给你的英国朋友Tim写一封电子邮件,内容包括: ·野餐前的准备; ·野餐过程; ·印象最深刻的人或事。

【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见